50. Nea Roda / Ouranopolis

The Andrian colony of Sane, founded in the 7th century BC and Ouranopolis, founded in the late 4th century BC, are both situated in the area of Nea Roda. A sanctuary dating from the Late Archaic to the Hellenistic period (late 6th-2nd century BC) is under excavation SW of the village. Outstanding among the movable finds are the terracotta statues of winged Nikai. Outside the village is the canal cut through the narrowest part of the peninsula in 480 BC by the Persian king Xerxes, so that his fleet avoided the hazardous Athos crossing as it sailed towards southern Greece.